Bahrain arms

MAMLAKAT AL-BAHRAYN
(The Kingdom of Bahrain)

Bahrain flag

AL-KHALIFA

King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa

Sovereign: Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain (Riffa, Bahrain, January 28th, 1950).
Son of Sheikh Isa bin Salman Al-Khalifa, Emir of Bahrain (1933-1999) and Sheikha Hissa bint Salman al-Khalifa (1933-2009).
Succeeds his father Sheikh Isa bin Salman Al-Khalifa, Emir of Bahrain (1933-March 6th, 1999). Became an Emir in 1999, and since February 14th, 2002, he is King of Bahrain.
Motto: Bahrainona (Our Bahrain).
Religion: Islam.

Married:
  • 1. (1968) Sheikha Sabika bint Ibrahim Al-Khalifa (1948) - first wife and Queen consort.
  • 2. Saudi Arabian woman - second wife
  • 3 (?). unknown
  • 4 (?). unknown


  • Children:

    Sheikh Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa

  • (by 1) Crown Prince Sheikh Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa (October 21st, 1969). Married (div. 2006/7?): Sheikha Hala bint Duaij al-Khalifa. They have two sons: Sheikh Isa bin Salman al-Khalifa and Sheikh Muhammad bin Salman al-Khalifa. They also have two daughters (Hessa and Fatma?).
  • (by 1) Sheikh Abdullah (1975). Married: Sheikha Hessa bint Khalifa al-Khalifa. They have three children: Sheikh Isa bin Abdullah al-Khalifa (1999), Sheikha Nora bint Abdullah al-Khalifa (2000) and Sheikh Sulman bin Abdullah al-Khalifa (2003).
  • (by 1) Sheikh Khalifa (1977)
  • (by 1) Sheikha Najla (1981)
  • (by 2) Sheikh Nasser (1987). Married (2009) Sheikha Sheikha bint Mohammed al-Maktoum of Dubai (1992). They have one daughter: Sheema (2010)
  • (by 2) Sheikh Khalid
  • (by 3) Sheikh Faisal (1991-2006)
  • (by 3) Sheikha Nura
  • (by 3) Sheikha Munira
  • (by 4) Sheikh Sultan
  • (by 4) Sheikha Hessa
  • (by 4) Sheikha Reema




  • Titles:
    The king is His Majesty Sheikh .. (first name) bin .. (name of his father) al-Khalifa, King of Bahrain. His consort is Her Majesty Shaikha .. bint .., Queen of Bahrain. The heir to the throne is His Royal Highness Sheikh .. bin .. al-Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain. The sons and daughters of the sovereign are Sheikh(a) .. bin(t) .. al-Khalifa, Prince(ss) of Bahrain, and are styled His/Her Royal Highness. Other members of the family are Sheikh(a) .. bin(t) .. al-Khalifa.

    Succession:
    Bahrain is a hereditary constitutional monarchy. The King is head of state and his person is inviolate. He is the loyal protector of the religion and the homeland, and the symbol of national unity. On ascending the throne the King takes an oath at a special meeting of the National Assembly. Succession will pass to the eldest son of the King, one generation after another, unless the King in his lifetime appoints another son as his successor. In case of absence of the King the Crown Prince will act for him, and if he is not capable to do so, the King shall appoint a deputy by Royal order to exercise his powers during his period of absence.



    Postal address:
    Office of the King
    The Amiri Court, Rifa’a Palace,
    PO Box 555
    Manama
    Bahrain



    History:
    The Kingdom of Bahrain is an Arab island state in the Persian Gulf. From the 3rd to the 6th century BC Bahrain was part of the Persian Empire of the Achaemenians. From the 3rd century BC until the 7th century AD Bahrain was ruled by the Persian dynasties of the Parthians and Sassanids. In 899 the country was seized by the Islamic Qarmatians, followed in 976 by the Abbasids. From 1076 to 1235 Bahrain was under the influence of the Uyunid dynasty of al-Hasa. They were followed by the Fars (1235), Usfurids (1253), the rulers of Hormuz (1330), and the Jabrids (mid 15th century). The island was invaded by the Porguguese in 1521, who ruled until in 1602 Abbas I of the Persian Safavid dynasty took over the power.

    From 1783 the Bani Utbah tribe (Ali Bin Ali tribe) ruled Bahrain. They had a practically independent status as a self governed tribe. Different Arab families and tribes, most from Qatar, moved to Bahrain, including in 1797 the Al-Khalifa family, who were originally from Kuwait. Early 19th century Bahrain was invaded by the Omanis and the Al-Sauds. The Al-Khalifa family in 1820 entered into a treaty with Great Britain, which granted the family the title Rulers of Bahrain. It was revised in 1892 and 1951. The British only withdrew from Bahrain on 16 December 1971 (still the national day), after which it became an independent emirate. After King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa succeeded to the throne in 1999, there came elections for parliament, voting rights for women and all political prisoners were released. The country now is a constitutional monarchy. Since 2002 the country is called a Kingdom.

    The Kings of Bahrain
  • Al Khalifa family