NEGARA BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
(The State of Brunei)
Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, the 29th Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam (Istana Darussalam, Brunei Town, now Bandar Seri Begawan, July 15th, 1946).
Son of Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam (1914-1986) and Paduka Suri Sri Begawan Raja Pangiran Anak Damit (1924-1979).
Succeeds his father Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, the 28th Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, who abdicated on October 5th, 1967.
Lapau di-Raja, Brunei Town, August 1st, 1968.
Always in service with God's guidance.
1. (1965) Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajjah Saleha (1946)
2. (1981, div. 2003) Mariam Abdul Aziz (1956)
3. (2005, div. 2010) Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim (1979)
(by 1) Princess Rashidah (1969). Married (1996): Pangiran Anak Haji Abdul Rahim (1970). They have three daughters: Rahima (1997), Hariisah and Raqeeqah (2009). And two sons: Abdul Raqib (2002) and Abdul Hasib (2006).
(by 1) Princesss Muta-Wakkilah (1971)
(by 1) Crown Prince Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah (Istana dar ul-Hana, Brunei Town, now Banda Seri Begawan, February 17th, 1974). Married (2004) Pengiran Anak Isteri Pengiran Anak Sarah (1987). They have one son: 'Abdul Muntaqim (2007) and a daughter Muneerah Madhul (2011).
(by 1) Princess Majeedah (1976). Married (2007): Pangiran Anak Khairul Khalil (1975). They have one son: 'Abdul Hafeez (2008) and a daughter Raihaanah (2010).
(by 1) Princess Hafizah (1980)
(by 2) Prince 'Abdul 'Azim (1982)
(by 1) Prince 'Abdul Malik (1983)
(by 2) Princess 'Azemah (1984)
(by 2) Princess Fadzillah (1985)
(by 2) Prince 'Abdul Mateen (1991)
(by 3) Prince'Abdul Wakeel (2006)
(by 3) Princess Ameerah (2008)
The sovereign is styled His Majesty and is the Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan dan Yang di-Pertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam (Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Brunei Darussalam). The first wife is styled Her Majesty and is the Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Sri Baginda Raja Istri (Raja Istri). The younger wife/wives are styled Her Royal Highness and are Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Pangiran Istri (Princess). The crown prince is His Royal Highness and is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Duli Paduka Sri Pangiran Muda Mahkota (Crown Prince). The Sultan's younger sons and grandsons in male line are styled His Royal Highness and are Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Sri Duli Pangiran Muda (Prince). The Sultan's daughters and granddaughters in male line are styled Her Royal Highness and are Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Sri Duli Pangiran Anak Putri (Princess). The sons of daughters of the Sultan are Yang Amat Mulia Duli Pangiran Anak, unless the father has a Vizier title. The granddaughters of the Sultan in female line are Yang Amat Mulia Duli Pangiran Anak, unless the father has a Vizier title.
The Council of Succession determines, subject to the Constitution and the Succession and Regency Proclamation 1959, the succession of the throne in the event of that need arising. The order of succession is determined by the Constitution and arrangements for a Regency are similarly laid down. The sultan appoints the member of the Council of Succession. The hereditary succession is limited to legitimate descendants of Sultan Hashim Jalal ul-Alam. The succession runs via male primogeniture. The sons by royal wives take precedence over sons by commoner wives. The wife of a Sultan has to profess the Islamic religion. The Sultan has to proclaim her as his consort in the Gazette.
Istana Nurul Iman
Bandar Seri Begawan
Brunei is situated at the northern coast of Borneo, and is almost completely surrounded by Malaysia. The Sultanate of Brunei was powerful from the 14th to the 16th century. In this period also the present reigning family of Brunei found its origin. According to the national epic poem the origines of the present sultanate started when Dewa Emas Kayangan came down from heaven in an egg. One of his children converted to the Islam and became the first sultan. Not much is known about the first sultans. Under the reign of the 5th sultan Bolkiah (1485-1521) the influence of the sultanate extended. This prosperous era continued until the end of the reign of the 9th Sultan, Hassan. After his death, the country entered a period of decline. There were internal battles over royal succession and the rising powers of the Europeans in the region. In 1839, with the help of the British adventurer James Brooke, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II gained power of Sarawak. But after a conflict between these two men, the Sultan had to recognise Sarawak's independence in 1843. A treaty with Great Britain was signed in 1846, after the British had attacked Brunei Town. Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin in 1888 signed a treaty with Great Britain, that placed the Sultanate under British protection. Apart from the occupation by the Japanese from 1941 to 1945, the country remained under British protection, until its full independency on January 1st, 1984. In 1959 Brunei was already declared a self-governing state, while Great Britain took care of foreign affairs, security and defence. Since 1984 Brunei is an independent sovereign sultanate. The Sultan is the supreme executive authority. Since the country resumed full political independence in 1984 the Sultan has also been the prime Minister. Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah became the Crown Prince on August 10th, 1998.
The Sultans of Brunei Darussalam
List of Sultans of Brunei