Kuwait arms

DAWLAT AL-KUWAYT
(The State of Kuwait)

Kuwait flag

AL-SABAH

Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah

Sovereign: Sheikh Sahab al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, 15th Emir of the State of Kuwait (Kuwait City, June 16th, 1929).
Son of Sheikh Ahmad I al-Jaber al-Sabah, Shaikh of Kuwait (1885-1950) and Munira al-Ayyar of Jahra.
Succeeds his relative Sheikh Saeed al-Abdullah al-Sabah, Emir of the State of Kuwait (1929-2008), who became emir on 15 January 2006 upon the death of his cousin Sheikh Jaber al-Ahmed al-Sabah, and had to abdicate on 24 January 2006 on the grounds of ill health. Sheikh Sabah acted as interim emir from 24 to 29 January 2006.
Religion: Islam.

Married: Sheikha Fatuwah bint Salman al-Sabah (-1990).

Children:
  • Nasser (1948). Married first in 1969 Sheikha Hussa bint Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah; married second Sheikha Nuria bint Ahmad al-Sabah. By his second wife he has: Dana (* 1971), Abdullah (1976), Bibi (* 1978) Sabah (1979), Fahad and Futooh.
  • Hamad
  • Ahmad (-1969)
  • Salwa (1951-2002). Married (div.) Sheikh Fahd bin Duaij al-Sabah. Two sons and two daughters.




  • Sheikh Nawaf al-Ahmed al-Jaber al-Sabah

    Crown Prince: Sheikh Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah (June 25th, 1937).
    Son of Sheikh Ahmad I al-Jabir al-Sabah (1885-1950) and Yamama.
    Married: (195..): Sharifa bint Sulaiman al-Jasem.

    Children:
  • Ahmad (1956). Married: Sheikha Basma bint Mubarak (1959). They have issue: Hind (1981) and Nawaf (1982).
  • Faisal (1957). Married (1984): Hanaan al-Badr. They have a daughter: Yamama (1985)
  • Abdullah (1958)
  • Salim (1960)
  • Sheikha. Married: Sheikh Jabir bin Duaij al-Sabah. Three sons and one daughter.




  • Titles:
    The Emir is His Highness Sheikh ... (first name) al-... (father's name) al-Sabah, Emir of the State of Kuwait. The Crown Prince is Sheikh ... (first name) al-... (father's name) al-Sabah, Crown Prince of the State of Kuwait. He is styled His Highness. Other male descendants of the family are Sheikh ... al-... (father's name) al-Sabah. Female descendants are Sheikha ... al-... (father's name) al-Sabah. Some members of the family but the name of the grandfather behind the name of the father, thus al-...

    Succession:
    Kuwait is an independent democratic sovereign Arab state and a hereditary emirate. The emir is the head of state and his person shall be immune and inviolable. Before an emir assumes his powers he shall take at oath at a special sitting of the National Assembly. If the emir is absent from the country, and the heir apparent is unable to act as deputy, the emir shall appoint a deputy who shall exercise his powers during his absence. The emir has legislative power and executive power, but shall exercise his powers through his ministers. He is also supreme commander of the armed forces.

    The succession is limited to the descendants of Mubarak al-Sabah. The heir apparent has to be chosen within one year from the date of accession of the emir. He shall be nominated by the emir and approved by a majority vote by the members of the National Assembly. If no heir apparent has been designated the emir has to nominate at least three descendants of Mubarak al-Sabah, of which the National Assembly will chose one as the heir apparent. The heir apparent must have reached his majority, be sound of mind and a legitimate son of Muslim parents.



    Postal address:
    Office of the Emir
    Al Diwan Al Amiri
    Sief Palace-Building 100
    State of Kuwait

    Residences:
    The official residence of the emir is the Dar Salwa palace. The offices of the state of Kuwait are situated at the Seif Palace. The Amiri Diwan building in the palace includes the offices of the Emir of Kuwait, as well as the main reception hall of the Emir, and smaller reception rooms, as well as meeting rooms and banquet rooms. The original Seif Palace, built in 1906-1907 was partly destroyed in a fire in 1983, while the remains were destroyed during the Iraqi Invasion. Afterwards the palace was reconstructed. The main palace is the Bayan Palace, a conference centre, where foreign heads of state and dignitaries are being received.



    History:
    The island of Failaka was conquered by the Greeks in the 3rd century BC. The port of Characene was founded in 127 BC and had borders similar to present day Kuwait. Kuwait, previously called Guraine, was founded in 1705 by members of the Bani Utbah tribe. The descendants of the Anizah tribe, the families al-Khalifa, al-Sabah and al-Jalahma, arrived in Kuwait from Nejd around 1716 and took over the power in the region in 1732. Soon the al-Sabah family gained power. The first ruler was Sabah I bin Jaber who died in 1762 and was succeeded by his son Abdullah who ruled until 1812. The al-Khalifa and al-Jalahima families left Kuwait in 1766. Mubarak al-Sabah in 1897 was recognised as sub-governor of Kuwait by the Ottoman sultan. He allowed the British to deploy gunboats along the coast of Kuwait and this policy gave Great Britain control of the foreign policy and national security of Kuwait. After World War I Kuwait became an independent sheikhdom under British protectorate. The country became only fully independent on 19 June 1961.

    The Rulers of Kuwait
  • Kuwait's Rulers