Abu Dhabi

Last modified: 23 November 2020

The country

The emirate is known as the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. The emirate is being reigned by the Al Nahyan dynasty.

The origins of Abu Dhabi can be traced to a tribal federation, the Bani Yas, who were in control of the area of Abu Dhabi and Dubai in the late 18th century. The emirates were separated in the 19th century. Cultured pearls and since the 1950s also oil are the most important products. In 1966 the British helped Sheikh Zayed becoming the new ruler of Abu Dhabi, replacing his brother Sheikh Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who didn’t want to invest in the production of oil. Sheikh Zayed was the driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates in 1971. Abu Dhabi is the biggest of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates.

Sovereign

The current sovereign is Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Emir of Abu Dhabi, President of the United Arab Emirates. He was born at the Al Muwaiji Fortress in Al Ain on 7 September 1948.

He is the son of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, Emir of Abu Dhabi, President of the United Arab Emirates (1918-2004) and his first wife Sheikha Hassa bint Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan (-2018).

Enthronement

Sheikh Khalifa succeeded his father as Emir of Abu Dhabi and President of the United Arab Emirates after his death on 2 November 2004. He was elected President of the United Arab Emirates by the Supreme Council on 3 November 2004. He was elected for a term of five years, and in 2009 was re-elected. He had become Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi on 1 February 1969.

Other details

The Emir is a Muslim.

Marriage and descendants

Sheikh Khalifa is married to Sheikha Shamsa bint Suhail Al Mazrouei.

Their children:

  • Sheikh Sultan (born 1965). has two wives. With his first wife Sheikha Sheikha Saif Mohammed Al Nahyan he has three sons, Sheikh Mohammed, Sheikh Zayed (born 1988) and Sheikh Khalifa, and three daughters, Sheikha Alyazia, Sheikha Hissa and Sheikha Shamma. With his second wife he has three daughters. Sheikh Mohammed is married since 2020 to Sheikha Fatima bint Tahnoun bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Sheikh Zayed is married since 2014 to a daughter of Sheikh Sultan bin Hamdan Al Nahyan. One of his daughters (called Dana?) is married since 2010 to Sheikh Suhail bin Butti bin Suheil Al Maktoum of Dubai.
  • Sheikh Mohammed (born 1972)
  • Sheikha Sheikha
  • Sheikha Mouza
  • Sheikha Osha
  • Sheikha Salama. She is married to Sheikh Mansour bin Tahnoun Al Nahyan.
  • Sheikha Shamma. She is married to Sheikh Sultan bin Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
  • Sheikha Latifa

Heir to the throne

The heir to the throne is Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. He was born in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, on 11 March 1961. He is Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi since 2 November 2004.

He is a son of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, Emir of Abu Dhabi, President of the United Arab Emirates and his fifth wife Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak Al Ketbi.

The Crown Prince is married since 1981 to Sheikha Salama bint Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Nahyan.

Their children:

  • Sheikha Mariam. She is married since 2006 to Sheikh Mohammed bin Tahnoun bin Mohammed Al Nahyan
  • Sheikh Khaled. He is since 2008 married to Sheikha Fatima bint Surour bin Mohammed Al Nahyan. They have one son, Sheikh Mohammed (born 2013, twin), and two daughters Sheikha Shamma (born 2011?) and Sheikha Salama (born 2013, twin).
  • Sheikha Shamsa
  • Sheikh Diab/Theyab. He is married since 2013 to Sheikha Latifa bint Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
  • Sheikh Hamdan
  • Sheikha Fatima. She is married since 2012 to Sheikh Nahyan bin Saif bin Mohammed Al Nahyan.
  • Sheikha Shamma (born 1992)
  • Sheikh Zayed
  • Sheikha Hassa (born 2001)

Postal address

Presidential Palace
Ras Al Akhdar
Abu Dhabi
United Arab Emirates
Bahrain

Succession

Abu Dhabi is a hereditary constitutional monarchy. I am not quite sure how the position of Emir is inherited. It however looks like the rule passes to the sons of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, and probably afterwards the sons of his sons.

Titles

The emir is His Highness Sheikh .. (first name) bin .. (name of his father) Al Nahyan, Emir of Abu Dhabi. The heir to the throne is His Highness Sheikh .. (first name) bin .. (name of his father) Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi.

Rulers of Abu Dhabi

Dhiyab bin Isa Al Nahyan (-1793)1761-1793
Shakhbut bin Dhiyab Al Nahyan (-1816)1793-1816
Muhammad bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan (-1818)1816-1818
Shakhbut bin Dhiyab Al Nahyan1818-?
Tahnoun bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan (-1833)1818-1833
Khalifa bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan (-1845)1833-1845
Sultan bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan (-1845)1833-1845
Isa bin Khalid Al Nahyan1845
Dhiyab II bin Isa Al Nahyan1845
Saeed bin Tahnoun Al Nahyan1845-1855
Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan (1840-1909)1855-1909
Tahnoun bin Zayed Al Nahyan (1857-1912)1909-1912
Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan (-1922)1912-1922
Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan (-1926)1922-1926
Saqr bin Zayed Al Nahyan (-1928)1926-1928
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1905?-1989)1928-1966
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1918?-2004)1966/1971-2004
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan (1948- )2004-

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