Last modified: 3 December 2020
The emirate is known as Emirate of Dubai. The country is being reigned by the Al Maktoum dynasty.
The area of what is now Dubai first knew human settlement around 3000 BC. The first inhabitants were nomadic cattle herders. In the 3rd century the Sassanid Empire took control over the area. In the 7th century the Umayyad Caliphate gained power and introduced the Islam. Only in 1833 Dubai became a separate Sheikhdom under the Al Maktoum dynasty. In 1971 the emirate became part of the United Arab Emirates.
The current sovereign is Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Emir of Dubai. He was born in Shindagha, Dubai, on 15 July 1949.
He is the third son of Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Emir of Dubai (1912-1990) and Sheikha Latifa.
Sheikh Mohammed succeeded his brother Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum as Emir after his death on 4 January 2006. He was elected the vice-president of the United Arab Emirates on 5 January 2006. He had been the Crown Prince of Dubai since 3 January 1995.
The King is a Muslim.
Marriage and descendants
Sheikh Mohammed has at least two wives, and several ex-wifes. As several daughters bear the same name, it is not always clear who is who. His senior wife is Sheikha Hind bint Maktoum bin Juma Al Maktoum of Dubai (born 1962), whom he married in 1979.
- Sheikha Hessa (born 1980). She married in 2008 Sheikh Saeed bin Dalmouk bin Juma Al Maktoum and has issue: one son, Sheikh Rashid (born 2012) two daughters, Sheikha Hind (born 2009) and Sheikha Salama (born 2018).
- Sheikh Rashid (1981-2015)
- Sheikh Hamdan (born 1982)
- Sheikh Maktoum (born 1983). He is married since 2019 to Maryam bint Butti Al Maktoum. They have a daughter, Sheikha Hind (born 2020).
- Sheikh Ahmed (born 1987). He is married since 2019 to Madiyah Bint Dalmook Al Maktoum.
- Sheikh Saeed (born 1988)
- Sheikha Latifa (1989). She married in 2009 Crown Prince Mohammed bin Hamad Al Sharqi of Fujairah and has issue.
- Sheikha Maryam (born 1992). She in 2019 married Sheikh Khaled bin Mohammed bin Hamdan Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi. They have issue, one son, Sheikh Mohammed (born 2020).
- Sheikha Sheikha (born 1992). She married in 2009 Sheikh Nasser bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain and has issue.
- Sheikha Futaim (born 1994)
- Sheikha Salamah (born 1999)
- Sheikha Shamma (born 2001)
In 2004 he married Princess Haya bint Al Hussein of Jordan (born 1974). They got divorced in 2019.
- Sheikha Al Jalila (born 2007)
- Sheikh Zayed (born 2012)
By Sheikha Delila Aloula from Lebanon, he has further issue:
- Sheikha Dalal
- Sheikha Latifa (born 1983). She is married since 2016 to Sheikh Faisal bin Saud bin Khalid Al Qassimi of Ras Al Khaimah. They have issue, one son, Sheikh Mohammed (born 2018) and one daughter, Sheikha Shaikha (born 2020).
- Sheikha Maryam (born 1987). She married in 2018 Sheikh Suhail bin Ahmed bin Juma Al Maktoum. They have issue, one daughter, Sheikha Fatima (born 2019), and one son, Sheikh Ahmed (born 2020).
By Sheikha Houria Ahmed Lamara from Algeria he has further issue:
- Sheikha Maitha (born 1980)
- Sheikha Shamsa (born 1981)
- Sheikha Latifa (born 1985)
- Sheikh Majid (born 1987). He married Hessa Beljafla in 2014. The couple has twins Sheikh Mohammed and Sheikha Dubai (born 2015), a son, Sheikh Rashid (born 2019) and a daughter Sheikha Maitha (born 2017).
- Sheikh Mansour (born 1989)
By Sheikha Randa bint Mohammed Al-Banna, whom he married in 1972 (divorced) he has further issue:
- Sheikha Manal (born 1977). She is married since 2005 to Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi and has issue, three sons, Sheikh Mohammed (born 2007), Sheikh Hamdan (born 2011) and Sheikh Rashid (born 2017), and two daughters, Sheikha Fatima (born 2006) and Sheikha Latifa (born 2014).
By Zoe Grigorakos, originally from Greece, Sheikh Mohammed has further issue:
- Sheikha Mahra (born 1994), previously called Christina.
By an unknown woman, possibly from Germany, he has further issue:
- Sheikh Marwan (born 1981). He is married to Dalal Al Marzougi and has issue, two sons, Sheikh Mohammed and Sheikh Rashid.
- Sheikh Mansour
- (?) Sheikha Wejdan
Heir to the throne
The heir to the throne is Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Maktoum, Crown Prince of Dubai, nicknamed “Fazza”. He was born on 14 November 1982. He is Crown Prince of Dubai since 1 February 2008.
He is a son of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Emir of Dubai and his senior wife Sheikha Hind bint Maktoum bin Juma Al Maktoum of Dubai.
The Crown Prince became engaged to Sheikha Sheikha bint Saeed bin Thani Al Maktoum of Dubai in December 2008. However the engagement is said to have been cancelled in 2010. They finally got married in 2019. Rumours are that they got divorced in the same year.
United Arab Emirates
Dubai is a hereditary constitutional monarchy.
The emir is His Highness Sheikh .. (first name) bin .. (name of his father) Al Maktoum, Emir of Dubai. The heir to the throne is His Highness Sheikh .. (first name) bin .. (name of his father) Al Maktoum, Crown Prince of Dubai.
The Emirs of Dubai
|Maktoum bin Buti Al Maktoum (-1852)||1833-1852|
|Saeed bin Buti Al Maktoum (-1859)||1852-1859|
|Hasher bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (-1886)||1859-1886|
|Rashid bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (-1894)||1886-1894|
|Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum (-1906)||1894-1906|
|Buti bin Suhail Al Maktoum (1851-1912)||1906-1912|
|Saeed bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (1878-1958)||1912-1958|
|Mani bin Rashid Al Maktoum||three days in April 1929|
|Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum (1912-1990)||1958-1990|
|Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (1943-2006)||1990-2006|
|Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (1949-)||2006-|
- His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum
- His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum on Facebook
- HH Sheikh Mohammed on Twitter
- Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum on Instagram
- HH Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum on YouTube
- Sheikh Mohammed on TikTok
- Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Global Initiatives
- H.H. Sheikh Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum
- Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum on Facebook
- Hamdan bin Mohammed on Twitter
- Fazza on Instagram
- Hamdan al Maktoum on YouTube
- Free Latifa
- Al Jalila Foundation
- Al Maktoum Foundation
- Sheikha Hissa Bint Hamdan