Kelantan

Last modified: 28 November 2020

The country

The state is formally known as Kelantan Darul Naim, but usually called Kelantan.

In Kelantan settlements from the prehistoric times can be found. The area was linked to the Funan Kingdom, the Khmer Empire, the Srivijaya Empire, the Majapahit Empire and Siam. The ruler of Kelantan, Raja Kumar, became independent from Siam around 1411. Kelantan became a vassal state of the Sultanate of Malacca in 1499, and after its fall in 1511 was divided and the Kelantan chiefs afterwards became subject to the Patani Kingdom. Long Yunus unified the present-day Kelantan around 1760. In 1909 Kelantan became one of the Unfederated Malay States and got a British adviser. The Japanese invaded the country in December 1941, and then handed over the control of Kelantan to Siam. In August 1945 Kelantan became under British rule again. In 1948 Kelantan became part of the Federation of Malay, and in 1963 became one of the states of Malaysia.

Sovereign

The current sovereign is Muhammad V, 29th Sultan of Kelantan. He was born at Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia, on 6 October 1969, as Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra. He was appointed the heir apparent on 30 March 1979, and was installed on 6 October 1985.

He is the son of Ismail Petra, 28th Sultan of Kelantan (1949-2019) and his first wife Tengku Anis binti Tengku Abdul Hamid (born 1949).

Enthronement

Sultan Muhammad V succeeded his father. He had been appointed as a regent on 24 May 2009 after his father suffered a stroke, and officially installed as regent on 25 May 2009. The Kelantan Royal Succession Council of State officially proclaimed him the new Sultan after the deposition of his father, at the Balairong Sri, Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia, on 13 September 2010.

He was elected the deputy Yang di Pertuan-Agong in October 2011, and served from 13 December 2011 to 13 December 2016. He was elected the 15th Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 14 October 2016, and began his five-year term on 13 December 2016. He abdicated surprisingly on 6 January 2019.

Other details

The country’s motto is Berserah Kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan, which means Kelantan is entrusted to God.

The Sultan is a Muslim.

Marriage and descendants

Sultan Muhammad V married in 2004 Tengku Zubaida binti Tengku Nur ud-din (born 1979). They got divorced (in 2009?) and didn’t have any children.

He is rumoured to have married Diana Petra, from Czechia, in 2010. Her original first name is said to be Janna.

He married Oksana Voevodina in 2018. They got divorced in 2019. She took the name of Rihana.

Their children (not recognised by the father):

  • Tengku Ismaïl Leon (born 2019).

Heir to the throne

The heir to the throne of Kelantan is Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra. He was born at Istana Kota Lama, Kelantan, Malaysia, on 20 June 1974.

He is the son of Ismail Petra, 28th Sultan of Kelantan (1949-2019) and his first wife Tengku Anis binti Tengku Abdul Hamid (born 1949).

He was granted the title of Tengku Bendahara on 30 March 1989. He was appointed the heir apparent at the Istana Negeri, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia, on 18 October 2010. He was regent of Kelantan from 13 December 2016 to 6 January 2019.

Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra married in 2019 Sofie Louise Johansson (born 1986).

Postal address

Istana Negeri
Kubang Kerian
Kelantan
Malaysia

Succession

The succession of the throne is according to the right of the first born male. The Sultan and his successor must be of Islamic faith. He is the Head of the Religion of Islam in the state and that he is the source of all honours and dignities in the state

The Council of Succession is responsible for confirming the Succession to the Throne and Sovereignty of Kelantan, which means that a crown prince not automatically succeeds to the throne. They are also responsible for determining whether there is a vacancy in the throne by reason of the prolonged absence from the state of the reigning Sovereign. The crown prince could be the ruler or regent when the Sultan is abroad for a period of more than 12 months or unable to carry to out his duties as the ruler over the same period.

Titles

The Sultan is Ke Bawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia al-Sultan dan Yang di-Pertuan Bagi Negara Kelantan Dar ul-Naim and is styled His Royal Highness. His royal consort is Duli Yang Maha Mulia Raja Perempuan Negara Kelantan Dar ul-Naim and is styled Her Royal Highness. The heir apparent is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Tengku Mahkota Negara Kelantan Dar ul-Naim and is styled His Highness. His royal consort is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Tengku Ampuan Mahkota Negara Kelantan Dar ul-Naim, and styled Her Highness. The non-royal consort of the heir apparent is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Tengku Puan Mahkota Negara Kelantan Dar ul-Naim, and styled Her Highness. The heir presumptive is Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Bendahara Negara Kelantan Dar ul-Naim, and is styled His Highness. The regent is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Pemangku Raja Negara Kelantan Dar ul-Naim, and is styled His Highness. Other male members of the family in male line are Yang Mulia Tengku … (personal name) bin … (father’s title and name), and female members of the family in male line are Yang Mulia Tengku … (personal name) binti … (father’s title and name). Junior wives of a Sultan, the heir apparent and other princes are Yang Mulia Che’ … (personal name) binti … (father’s title and name).

The Sultans of Kelantan of the Terengganuean Dynasty

Ahmad (before 1831-1890)1886-1890
Muhammad III (1845-1891)1890-1891
Mansur (1870-1899)1891-1899
Muhammad IV (1870-1920)1899-1920
Ismail (1880-1944)1920-1944
Ibrahim (1897-1960)1944-1960
Yahya Petra (1917-1979)1960-1979
Ismail Petra (1949- )1979-2010
Muhammad V (1969- )2010-

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