Last modified: 29 November 2020
The state is formally known as Perlis Indera Kayangan, but usually called Perlis.
Perlis used to be a part of Kedah. The area was ruled by Siam and Aceh. Kedah was conquered by Siam in 1821. The British and Siam formalised relations between Kedah and Perlis in the Burney and Low Treaties in 1826. The exiled Sultan of Kedah was however not restored to the throne until 1842, when he agreed to accept Siamese terms. Perlis was however turned into a separate principality, a vassal state of Siam.
Sayyid Hussain Jamalulail became the deputy governor and in 1843 the first Raja of Perlis. He was a maternal grandson of the Sultan of Kedah. In 1909 Siam was forced to relinquish Perlis to Great Britain, and a British Resident was installed. In World War II Perlis was returned to Siam. After the war Perlis returned to British rule. It became part of the Malayan Union, in 1957 of the Federation of Malaya and in 1963 of Malaysia. Perlis is the smallest state of Malaysia.
The current sovereign is Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin ibni Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail, 7th Raja of Perlis. He was born at Arau, Perlis, Malaysia, on 17 May 1943. He had been the heir apparent (Raja Muda) since 30 October 1960.
He is the son of Syed Harrun Putra ibni Syed Hassan Jamalullail, 6th Raja of Perlis (1920-2000) and his wife Tengku Budriah binti Tengku Ismail (1924-2008).
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin succeeded his father, who died on 16 April 2000.
He was installed at the Istana Di-Raja, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia, on 17 April 2000.
He was elected the 12th Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia on 12 December 2001. He was installed on 13 December 2001, and served until 12 December 2006.
The Raja is a Muslim .
Marriage and descendants
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin is married to Tuanku Fauziah binti al-Marhum Tengku Abdul Rashid of Terengganu (born 1946) since 1967.
- Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra (born 1967)
- Sharifa Fazira (born 1973). Sharifa Fazira is married to Dato Paduka Mohammad Yacob bin Dato Sri Aziz ul-Hassan and has issue.
Heir to the throne
The heir to the throne of Perlis is Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra ibni Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Jamalullail. He was born at the General Hospital, Alor Star, Kedah, Malaysia, on 30 December 1967. He was appointed the heir apparent on 1 August 2000, and installed at the Istana Di-Raja, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia, on 12 October 2000. He served as regent of Perlis from 12 December 2001 to 12 December 2006.
He is married to Tuanku Lailatul Shahreen binti Dato Haji Khalil Akasah (born 1970) since 1994.
- Sharifa Khatreena Nuraniah (born 1995)
- Sharifa Farah Adriana (born 2001)
- Syed Sirajuddin Areeb Putra (born 2009)
Succession to the throne is in male primogeniture line amongst the descendants of the founder of the dynasty, Tuan Syed Abu Bakar Harun Jamalullail. The Raja and his successor must be a Muslim.
The ruler of Perlis is titled Duli Yang Maha Mulia Tuanku Raja Syed … (personal name) bin … (father’s title and personal name), Raja dan Yang di-Pertuan Negara Perlis Indra Kayangan, and is styled His Royal Highness. His royal consort is titled Duli Yang Maha Mulia Tuanku Raja Perempuan Perlis, and is styled Her Royal Highness. The heir apparent is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Tuanku Raja Muda Perlis Indra Kayangan, and is styled His Highness. His royal consort is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Tuanku Raja Puan Muda Perlis Indra Kayangan, and is styled Her Highness. His non-royal consort is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Inche’ Puan Muda Perlis Indra Kayangan, and is styled Her Highness. The heir presumptive is Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Bendahara Perlis Indra Kayangan. The regent of Perlis is Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Pemangku Raja Perlis Indra Kayangan, and is styled His Highness. Other male members of the family in male line are Syed … (personal name) bin Syed … (father’s personal name), and female members of the family in male line are Sharifa … (personal name) binti Syed … (father’s personal name). The junior wives of a ruling prince, heir apparent and other princes are Yang Mulia Inche’ … (personal name) binti … (father’s title and name).
The Rajas of Perlis
|Syed Hussain III (1805-1873)||1843-1873|
|Syed Ahmad III (1825-1897)||1873-1897|
|Syed Shaffi (1862-1904)||1897-1904|
|Syed Alwi IV (1881-1943)||1904-1943|
|Syed Hamzah II (1895-1958)||1943-1945|
|Syed Putra (1920-2000)||1945-2000|
|Syed Sirajuddin (1943- )||2000-|